SportageMotor

Kia Sportage: Troubleshooting

Kia Sportage Third generation (SL) - (2011-2016) - Service and Repair Manual / Brake System / ESC (Electronic Stability Control) System / Troubleshooting

Failure Diagnosis

1. In principle, ESC and TCS controls are prohibited in case of ABS failure.

2. When ESC or TCS fails, only the failed system control is prohibited.

3. The solenoid valve relay should be turned off in case of ESC failure, refer to the ABS fail-safe.

4. Information on ABS fail-safe is identical to the fail-safe in systems where ESC is not installed.

Memory of Fail Code

1. It keeps the code as far as the backup lamp power is connected. (O)

2. It keeps the code as far as the HCU power is on. (X)

Failure Checkup

1. Initial checkup is performed immediately after the HECU power on.

2. Valve relay checkup is performed immediately after the IG2 ON.

3. It executes the checkup all the time while the IG2 power is on.

4. Initial checkup is made in the following cases.

  1. When the failure is not detected now.
  2. When ABS and ESC are not in control.
  3. Initial checkup is not made after ECU power on.
  4. If the vehicle speed is over 5 mph (8 km/h) when the brake lamp switch is off.
  5. When the vehicle speed is over 24.8 mph (40 km/h).

5. Though, it keeps on checkup even if the brake lamp switch is on.

6. When performing .ABS or ESC control before the initial checkup, stop the initial checkup and wait for the HECU power input again.

7. Judge failure in the following cases.

  1. When the power is normal.
  2. From the point in which the vehicle speed reaches 4.9 mph(8 km/h) after HECU power on.

Countermeasures in Fail

1. Turn the system down and perform the following actions and wait for HECU power OFF.

2. Turn the valve relay off.

3. Stop the control during the operation and do not execute any until the normal condition recovers.

Warning Lamp ON

1. ESC warning lamp turn on for 3sec after IGN ON.

2. ESC function lamp blinks when ESC Act.

3. If ESC fail occured, ESC warning lamp turns ON.

4. ESC OFF lamp turn on in case of

  1. ESC Switch OFF
  2. 3sec after IGN ON

Standard Flow of Diagnostic Troubleshooting

Notes With Regard To Diagnosis

Notes With Regard To Diagnosis

The phenomena listed in the following table are not abnormal.

ABS Check Sheet

ABS Check Sheet

Problem Symptoms Table

Problem Symptoms Table

CAUTION

CAUTION

During ABS operation, the brake pedal may vibrate or may not be able to be depressed. Such phenomena are due to intermittent changes in hydraulic pressure inside the brake line to prevent the wheels from locking and is not an abnormality.

ABS Does Not Operate.

Detecting condition

Inspection procedures

Inspection procedures

DTC Inspection

1. Connect the GDS with the data link connector and turn the ignition switch ON.

2. Verify that the normal code is output.

3. Is the normal code output.

Check the power source circuit. Check the power source circuit.

Erase the DTC and recheck using GDS. Erase the DTC and recheck using GDS.

Check the power source circuit

1. Disconnect the connector from the ABS control module.

2. Turn the ignition switch ON, measure the voltage between terminal 29 of the ABS control module harness side connector and body ground.

Specification: approximately B+

3. Is the voltage within specification?

Check the ground circuit. Check the ground circuit.

Check the harness or connector between the fuse (3А) in the engine compartment Check the harness or connector between the fuse (3А) in the engine compartment junction block and the ABS control module. Repair if necessary.

Check the ground circuit

Check the ground circuit

1. Disconnect the connector from the ABS control module.

2. Check for continuity between terminals 13,38 of the ABS control module harness side connector and ground point.

3. Is there continuity?

circuit. Check the wheel speed sensor circuit.

and ground Repair an open in the wire and ground point.

Check the wheel speed sensor circuit.

Check the wheel speed sensor circuit.

1. Refer to the DTC troubleshooting procedures.

2. Is it normal?

for leakage. Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage.

speed Repair or replace the wheel speed sensor.

Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage

1. Refer to the hydraulic lines.

2. Inspect leakage of the hydraulic lines.

3. Is it normal?

occulting, replace the ABS control The problem is still occulting, replace the ABS control module.

for leakage. Repair the hydraulic lines for leakage.

ABS Does Not Operate (Intermittently).

Detecting condition

Inspection procedures

Inspection procedures

DTC Inspection

1. Connect the GDS with the data link connector and turn the ignition switch ON.

2. Verify that the normal code is output.

3. Is the normal code output?

circuit. Check the wheel speed sensor circuit.

using GDS. Erase the DTC and recheck using GDS.

Check the wheel speed sensor circuit

1. Refer to the DTC troubleshooting procedures.

2. Is it normal?

circuit. Check the stop lamp switch circuit.

speed Repair or replace the wheel speed sensor.

Check the stop lamp switch circuit

1. Check that stop lamp lights up when brake pedal is depressed and turns off when brake pedal is released.

2. Measure the voltage between terminal 23 of the ABS control module harness side connector and body ground when brake pedal is depressed.

Specification: approximately B +

3. Is the voltage within specification?

for leakage. Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage.

Repair an open in the wire between the ABS control module Repair the stop lamp switch. Repair an open in the wire between the ABS control module and the stop lamp switch.

Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage

Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage

1. Refer to the hydraulic lines.

2. Inspection leakage of the hydraulic lines.

3. Is it normal?

occurring, replace the ABS control The problem is still occurring, replace the ABS control module.

for leakage. Repair the hydraulic lines for leakage.

Communication with GDS is not possible.

(Communication with any system is not possible)

Detecting condition

Inspection procedures

Inspection procedures

Check The Power Supply Circuit For The Diagnosis

1. Measure the voltage between terminal 9 of the data link connector and body ground.

Specification: approximately B +

2. Is voltage within specification?

the diagnosis. Check the ground circuit for the diagnosis.

Check and replace fuse (15A) from the engine compartment Repair an open in the wire. Check and replace fuse (15A) from the engine compartment junction block.

Check the ground circuit for the diagnosis

Check the ground circuit for the diagnosis

1. Check for continuity between terminal 5 of the data link connector and body ground.

2. Is there continuity?

between terminal 5 of the data link connector and Repair an open in the wire between terminal 5 of the data link connector and ground point.

Communication with GDS is not possible.

(Communication with ABS only is not possible)

Detecting condition

Inspection procedures

Inspection procedures

Check for Continuity in the CAN Line

1. Disconnect the connector from the ABS control module.

2. Check for continuity between terminals 26,14 of the ABS control module connector and 3,11 of the data link connector.

3. Is there continuity?

.ABS control Check the power source of .ABS control module.

Check the power source of ABS control module Repair an open in the wire.

Check the power source of ABS control module

1. Disconnect the connector from the ABS control module.

2. Turn the ignition switch ON, measure the voltage between terminal 29 of the ABS control module harness side connector and body ground.

Specification: approximately B +

3. Is voltage within specification?

Check the harness or Check for poor ground.

connector between the fuse (7.5A) in the engine compartment junction Check the harness or connector between the fuse (7.5A) in the engine compartment junction block and the ABS control module. Repair if necessary.

Check for poor ground

Check for poor ground

1. Check for continuity between terminal 5 of the data link connector and ground point.

module and recheck. Replace the ABS control module and recheck.

poor ground. Repair an open in the wire or poor ground.

When Ignition Key Is Turned ON (engine OFF), The ABS Warning Lamp Does Not Light Up.

Detecting condition

Inspection procedures

Inspection procedures

Problem verification

1. Disconnect the connector from the ABS control module and turn the ignition switch ON.

2. Does the ABS warning lamp light up?

the ABS HECU. Inspect again after replacing the ABS HECU.

the ABS warning Check the power source for the ABS warning lamp.

Check the power source for the ABS warning lamp

1. Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M15) and turn the ignition switch ON.

2. Measure the voltage between terminal (M15) 39 of the cluster harness side connector and body ground.

Specification: approximately B +

3. Is voltage within specification?

3. Is voltage within specification?

resistance for ABS warning Check the CAN circuit resistance for ABS warning lamp.

Check the CAN circuit resistance for ABS warning lamp Check for blown fuse.

Check the CAN circuit resistance for ABS warning lamp

1. Turn the ignition switch OFF. Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M15).

2. Measure the resistance between terminal (M15) 36 and 37 of the cluster harness side connector.

Specification : 60Ω

3. Is resistance within specification?

3. Is resistance within specification?

or instrument cluster assembly. Repair ABS warning lamp bulb or instrument cluster assembly.

for ABS warning lamp. Check the CAN circuit wiring for ABS warning lamp.

Check the CAN circuit wiring for ABS warning lamp

1. Turn the ignition switch OFF. Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M15) and ABS HECU connector.

2. Check for continuity between terminal (Ml5) 36 of the cluster harness side connector and terminal 26 of ABS HECU harness side.

Check for continuity between terminal (Ml5) 37 of the cluster harness side connector and terminal 14 of ABS HECU harness side.

Specification : Below 1Ω

3. Is resistance within specification?

between terminal 26,14 of ABS HECU harness connector and ABS Repair short circuit wiring between terminal 26,14 of ABS HECU harness connector and ABS warning lamp module.

between terminal 26,14 of ABS HECU harness connector and ABS Repair open circuit wiring between terminal 26,14 of ABS HECU harness connector and ABS warning lamp module.

Even After The Engine Is Started, The ABS Warning Lamp Remains ON.

Detecting condition

Inspection procedures

Inspection procedures

Check DTC Output

1. Connect the GDS to the 16P data link connector located behind the driver's side kick panel.

2. Check the DTC output using GDS.

3. Is DTC output?

troubleshooting procedure (Refer to DTC Perform the DTC troubleshooting procedure (Refer to DTC troubleshooting).

resistance for ABS warning lamp. Check the CAN circuit resistance for ABS warning lamp.

Check the CAN circuit resistance for ABS warning lamp

1. Turn the ignition OFF. Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M15).

2. Measure the resistance between terminal (M15) 36 and 37 of the cluster harness side connector.

Specification : 60Ω

3. Is resistance within specification?

3. Is resistance within specification?

or instrument cluster Repair ABS warning lamp bulb or instrument cluster assembly.

for ABS warning lamp. Check the CAN circuit wiring for ABS warning lamp.

Check the CAN circuit wiring for ABS warning lamp

1. Turn the ignition switch OFF. Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M15) and ABS HECU connector.

2. Check for continuity between terminal (Ml5) 36 of the cluster harness side connector and terminal 26 of ABS HECU harness side.

Check for continuity between terminal (Ml5) 37 of the cluster harness side connector and terminal 14 of ABS HECU harness side.

Specification : Below 1Ω

3. Is there continuity?

between terminal 26,14 of ABS HECU harness connector and Repair short circuit wiring between terminal 26,14 of ABS HECU harness connector and ABS warning lamp module. If no trouble in wiring, inspect again after replacing the ABS HECU.

between terminal 26,14 of ABS HECU harness connector and Repair short circuit wiring between terminal 26,14 of ABS HECU harness connector and ABS warning lamp module. If no trouble in wiring, inspect again after replacing the ABS HECU.

Bleeding of Brake System

This procedure should be followed to ensure adequate bleeding of air and filling of the ESC unit, brake lines and master cylinder with brake fluid.

1. Remove the reservoir cap and fill the brake reservoir with brake fluid.

CAUTION

If there is any brake fluid on any painted surface, wash it off immediately.

NOTE

When pressure bleeding, do not depress the brake pedal.

Recommended fluid.......DOT3 or DOT4

2. Connect a clear plastic tube to the wheel cylinder bleeder plug and insert the other end of the tube into a half filled clear plastic bottle.

3. Connect the GDS to the data link connector located underneath the dash panel.

4. Select and operate according to the instructions on the GDS screen.

  1. Select vehicle name.
  2. Select Anti-Lock Brake system.
  3. Select HCU air bleeding mode.

  1. Press "OK" to operate motor pump and solenoid valve.

  1. Wait 60 sec. before operating the air bleeding.

    (If not, yon may damage the motor.)

  1. Perform the air bleeding.

5. Pump the brake pedal several times, and then loosen the bleeder screw

5. Pump the brake pedal several times, and then loosen the bleeder screw until fluid starts to run out without bubbles. Then close the bleeder screw (A).

Front

Rear

Rear

6. Repeat step 5 until there are no more bubbles in the fluid for each wheel

6. Repeat step 5 until there are no more bubbles in the fluid for each wheel using the chart below for the order of bleeding process.

7. Tighter the bleeder screw.

7. Tighter the bleeder screw.

Bleed screw tightening torque: 7 ~ 13 N.m (0.7 ~ 1.3 kgf.m, 5.4 ~ 9.5 lb-ft)

    READ NEXT:

     EBD (Electronic Brake-force Distribution) | ESC Control Module

    Description and Operation  Operation The EBD system (Electronic Brake force Distribution) as a sub-system of the ABS system is to control the maximum braking effectiveness by the rear wheels.

     Front Wheel Speed Sensor | Rear Wheel Speed Sensor

    Components and Components Location  Components Front wheel speed sensor connector Front wheel speed sensor Repair procedures Removal 1. Remove the front wheel speed sensor mou

    SEE MORE:

     Rear Body, Under Body

    Rear Body Body Repair * These dimensions indicated in this figure are actual-measurement dimensions. Under Body Body Repair  Projected Dimensions * These dimensions indicated in this figure are actual-measurement dimensions.  Actual-Measurement Dimensions * These

     Towing

    If the vehicle needs to be towed, call a professional towing service. Never tow vehicle with just a rope or chain. It is very dangerous. Emergency Towing There are three popular methods of towing a vehicle: The operator loads the vehicle on the back of truck. This is best way of tran

    Content